2016, read my quintessential Sydney Poem, ‘Kissing Catholics at the Opera House’, at Live Poets, Don Bank, North Sydney on Wednesday evening, 23 November.
2016, featured for the month of January 2017, in the Mullumbimby High School Ex-student’s Association ‘All Stars’ Calendar.
2016, read ‘London Eye’ at Live Poets, as part of a London-themed evening, 28 September.
2016, my poem ‘Pumpkin Girl’ shortlisted for ‘Poetry at Sawmilllers’ in conjunction with Sculpture Exhibition. Read poem at Sawmillers Reserve, 24 September.
2016, spoke at Lavender Bay Gallery to a fundraiser group of the David Stead Foundation, on the afternoon of Sunday 17 April.
2016, shared a very positive John McDonald review of Retrospective Exhibition (along with Retrospective of Bill Yaxley), in Spectrum, Sydney Morning Herald, Saturday 16 April.
2016, feature by Kate Crawford (with photo in studio with book) in Mosman Daily, entitled ‘Obsession returns to enthrall painter’, 14 April.
2016, conducted a Gallery Talk, Lavender Bay Gallery, 2.00 pm, on Sunday 10 April (captured on video by Paul Sheaffe and posted on this Website).
2016, mention of exhibition in Spectrum Planner, Visual Arts, Sydney Morning Herald, Saturday 9 April.
2016, my Retrospective Painting Exhibition, entitled ‘Stardust Painter-Poet’, Lavender Bay Gallery (Royal Art Society of New South Wales, was opened by John McDonald, Art Critic, Sydney Morning Herald, on the evening of Friday 8 April 2016, which doubled as the launch of my Art Catalogue, Stardust Painter-Poet The exhibition ran until 1 May.
2016, as a prelude to my Retrospective Painting Exhibition I was Guest Reader at Live Poets, Don Bank, North Sydney, on the evening of Wednesday 23 March.
2016, advertisement in Look, Journal of Art Gallery of New South Wales, Autumn 2016.
2016, mention of Stardust Painter-Poet and Royal Art Society Retrospective Exhibition in The Journal of the Foundation & Friends of the (Sydney) Botanic Gardens, The Garden, Issue 108 (Autumn 2016), p. 6.
2016, mention of Stardust Painter-Poet and Retrospective Exhibition in e-newsletter of Mullumbimby High School Ex-students Association, February.
2016, mention of Stardust Painter-Poet and Retrospective Exhibition in the Blackwall Bugle, Issue 40, February.
2015, mention of Exhibition in association with a heavily edited version of an obituary on the late Lionel Gilbert in ‘Friends of the Old (Armidale) Teachers’ College’ newsletter, December. A longer version of this obituary is scheduled to be published in the 2016 edition of the Journal of the Armidale and District Historical Society.
2015, interview for Stardust Painter-Poet with Riddhi, ‘Bay FM – The Bohemian Beat’, Byron Bay, November.
2015, Janine Kitson review of Stardust Painter-Poet, Education, 26 October 2015, Reviews 27-28.
2015, elected an Associate of the Royal Art Society of New South Wales, October.
2015, first mention of my projected Retrospective Art Exhibition in the e-Newsletter of the Royal Art Society of New South Wales (August 2015), and in the February, March, and May (2016) editions.
2015, my ‘Brunswick Heads, 1940s’ poem’ was published in a very attractive format (with a photograph of Harry’s Hill and the river, and even spacing for stanzas of equal lines) in the Byron Shire Echo, 29 July, p.12.
2015, ‘channelled’ Henry Lawson at Live Poets, Don Bank (having let my mustache grow droopy, and shaved off the rest of my goatee), with chat and repartee, and a reading of ‘Australian Bards and Bush Reviews’, ‘The Uncultured Rhymer to his Cultured Critics’, and ‘Up the Country’, on the evening of 22 July.
2015, my glossy art Catalogue, Stardust Painter-Poet, Edwin Wilson Paintings and Poems, was printed in Hong Kong, with two advanced copies arriving 27 May, and the bulk of copies being picked up on 17 June (Henry Lawson’s birthday).
2015, a repeat reading at ‘Lawson’s Cave’, Naremburn, Sunday 14 June (for Lawson’s birthday , 17 June).
2015, a copy of my book, Mullumbimby Dreaming, was taken to Padua, Italy, in April, as an exchange gift to a local school by a visiting group from Mullumbimby High School.
2015, my poem ‘Pilgrimage to Laugharne’ was read (14 February) on Riddhi’s program on Bay FM – The Bohemian Beat, as part of an interview with Kathy and Ray Thomas about ‘An Evening with Dylan Thomas in Mullum’ (in the old Drill Hall).
2015, read my ‘Man on the Ten Dollar Note’ poem at ‘Lawson’s Cave’, Naremburn, 8 February.
2014, my ‘Flowering Trunk’ poem (along with a mention of the Tweed River Exhibition) as chosen by north coast poet, writer and musician Barnaby Smith, was featured in Verandah Magazine (for November), in which he referred to me as one of the most ‘notable poets’ to have come from the far north coast.
2014, Phil Spence confirmed he has named one of the Latouria Hybrids (from our 2003 – 2006 project, see our joint paper published in Australian Orchid Review, February/March, 2006) Dendrobium Edwin Wilson (Grex), from the hybrid of Dendrobium tapiniense x Dendrobium johsoniae, a significant event in the life of an orchid nut from Mullumbimby, as registered with the Royal Horticultural Society (UK), on 4 September 2014.
2014, my ‘Phaius Orchid’ poem was published on p. 25 of the Little Book of Australian Orchids, National Library of Australia.
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2014, the opening of my painting exhibition at the Tweed River Gallery, ‘The Mullumbimby Kid’, received good publicity in a number of outlets: including feature articles (with photograph) in The Northern Star (Saturday 2 August 2014, entitled ‘Artist’s quest for lost paradise’) and The Casino Times, 5 August 2014, an electronic article (with photograph) in the Echo net daily (4 August 2014, entitled ‘Mullumbimby childhood celebrated in poems, art’), Verandah Magazine (Byron Bay and Beyond), Spring 2014, a mention on local ABC Radio (Lismore) on the morning of Tuesday (5 August 2014), a feature in the Tweed/Southern Sun (Thursday 7 August 2014, entitled ‘Exhibition explores artist’s life as a Mullumbimby kid’), a mention (with photographs of ‘Rock Lily’ painting) in the Mullumbimby High School Ex-Students Association e Newsletter (August 2014), an advertisement, p. 31 in the Byron Shire Echo, 12 August 2014, and a follow-up mention in the Mullumbimby High School Ex-Students Association e Newsletter (September 2014).
Edwin Wilson – ‘The Mullumbimby Kid’
This was the title of my Mullumbimby-themed painting exhibition (to help raise the profile of my first book of poetic memoirs, The Mullumbimby Kid), held with a display of my published books in The Macnaughton Focus Gallery, Tweed River Art Gallery (Murwillumbah), from 8 August to 12 October 2014.
An associated publication, Mullumbimby Dreaming (of Mullumbimby paintings, poems and notes, and images of some of my other paintings), has been produced to double as a Catalogue that may be downloaded here ‘Mullumbimby Dreaming’ in PDF for free.
Copies may otherwise be obtained through Woodbine Press for $22.00, to cover the increased cost of postage in Australia, with a surcharge for overseas postage (email Woodbine Press for details).
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2014, my poem ‘Flowering Trunk’ was featured (‘Spring’ 2014, along with a photograph of my painting ‘The Mullumbimby Kid’) in and article by local poet, writer and musician, Barnaby Smith, in Verandah Magazine (Byron Bay and Beyond).
2014, read ‘Mullumbimby’ and ‘East Wardell’ poems at a talk about the exhibition at the Tweed River Gallery, on the afternoon of Sunday 10 August 2014.
2014, presented a paper on the theme of ‘Mullumbimby Dreaming’ and read some poetry at the ASLEC – ANZ Conference in Canberra, 19 – 21 June 2014.
2014, a ripper review of Mullumbimby Dreaming (with photograph of book) by Janine Kitson in Education , 2 June 2014.
2014, very positive ‘In Short Non-fiction’ review of Mullumbimby Dreaming by Fiona Capp in Sydney Morning Herald and The Age, 24 May 2014.
2014, review by Michael McDonald, The Byron Shire Echo, 29 April, with a mention of the Tweed River Gallery Exhibition, under the banner ‘The Mullumbimby Kid continues his dreaming’.
2014, Mullumbimby Dreaming (Mullumbimby Paintings and Poems), the Catalogue for my painting exhibition at the Tweed River Gallery (opening 8 August 2014), arrived from Hong Kong (1 April), and promotional copies were sent out by mail.
2014, my painting ‘Mullumbimby Dreaming’, received a ‘Commendation’ at the RAS Autumn Show at the Lavender Bay Gallery, 7 March.
2014, picked up two advance copies (sent from Hong Kong) of Mullumbimby Dreaming (Mullumbimby paintings and poems), that will double as a Catalogue for the Tweed River Gallery Exhibition (August to October 2014) at Bruce Welch’s place, 4 March.
2014, my poem ‘Wild Orchid’ was published in Caleyi, January/February, 2014, p. 3, the electronic journal of the Australian Plant Society (Northern Beaches Group).
2014, January, my Modigliani-inspired portrait of a young girl with orange hair hanging as part of RAS show at Lavender Bay Gallery. Also in January my ‘Circular Quay III’ (large dot painting of Dinosaur Bridge and Plates Draining on the sink (for the Opera House)) was displayed in the front window of Artarmon Galleries, Sydney, facing the Pacific Highway.
2013, posed (from October) for a number of sittings for a portrait by Yve Close.
2013, The Australian Writer, Issue 382, December 2013 – February 2014, very positive review by Alica Bee (p. 15) of New Collected Poems, in which she said that ‘in his most refined poetry [Edwin Wilson] … creates flowers with words that may be treasured for centuries … [which] … combined with pencil drawings by now deceased friend Elizabeth McAlpine … made opening New Collected Poems one of the most beautiful gifts I have ever received as a reviewer of poetry’.
2013, Blackwall Bugle, Issue 26 (for October), photo of father’s grave and mention of upcoming exhibition (2014) at the Tweed River (Regional) Art Gallery.
2013, invited to officiate at the official launch of the ‘Paintings Inspired by Poetry Exhibition’, Royal Art Society of New South Wales, Lavender Bay Gallery, 7 June.
2013, Oliver Bainbridge – Lord Nelson’s Great Grandson?, was mentioned in the Newsletter of the Clarence River Historical Society, Issue 132, 27 March, p. 8.
2013, Oliver Bainbridge- Lord Nelson’s Great Grandson? (with research assistance by Patricia Wightley) was published (Woodbine Press) in 2013.
2012, Helen Hawkes, The Northern Star, Saturday 8 December, Relax:Read/Watch/Listen, p. 39, ‘A Must Read: Collected Work from a Lifetime’ (re New Collected Poems), and a reference to my Website.
2012, Robyn Gray, Secretary Mullumbimby High School Ex-Students Association (electronic) Newsletter for December, mention of New Collected Poems.
2012, The Gardens, Journal of the Foundation & Friends of the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, Issue 95 (Summer 2012- 2013), mention of New Collected Poems.
2012, Blackwall Bugle, Issue 21 (for December), mention of my Wardell visit and tree planting, with reference to New Collected Poems and details for this Website.
2012, my dot painting of ‘Balinise Woman’ (after Arthur Fleishmann) was hung in an exhibition ‘The Figure in Focus’ (16 November – 8 December) at Artarmon Galleries Sydney (along with Ann Cape, Robert Hannaford, Jocelyn Maughan, Godfrey Millar, Robin Norling, Wendy Sharp and others).
2012, read at Live Poets, New Tattersalls Hotel, Lismore, on the evening of 14 November.
2012, interview on ‘Mornings’ with Joanne Shoebridge (about New Collected Poems and The Mullumbimby Kid) on 2NR (ABC Radio Lismore), on 14 November.
2012, interview with Tony Bennett (about poetry) played on 2NVR, Nambucca Valley (Community) Radio, 13 November.
2012, Education, 29 October, Reviews 33, ‘In brief: a Lifetime of Poetry’, with cover of New Collected Poems and reference to PDF posting on Website.
2012, Live Poets, Don Bank, North Sydney, 24 October, launch of New Collected Poems by Danny Gardner and Tony Bennett.
2012, The Byron Shire Echo, Vol 27, Issue 20, 23 October, mention of New Collected Poems on ‘Backlash’, p. 56.
2012, Kate Crawford, Mosman Daily, 18 October (News 28), a mention of projected launch of New Collected Poems at Live Poets, Don Bank, North Sydney (24 October).
2012, Kate Crawford, Mosman Daily, 13 September, ‘Poet’s Craft: A Constant Companion’, a feature article on New Collected Poems with a photo of myself with the Modigliani nude (not used at the time of the Artarmon Galleries Exhibition).
2012, PDF of New Collected Poems posted for free download (in the Poetry section of this Website).
2012, New Collected Poems (Kardoorair Press), with and Introduction and Epilogue by Professor John Ryan, published in 2012.
2012, PDF of Cedar House posted for free download on this Website.
2012, PDF of second edition of The Mullumbimby Kid posted for free download on this Website.
2012, good mention of second edition The Mullumbimby Kid, with cover, in Education, 28 May.
2012, sniffy notification of second edition of The Mullumbimby Kid, with cover, in Sydney Morning Herald, In Short, 19/20 May.
2012, Blackwall Bugle (e-newsletter of Wardell Historical Society), Issue 18, mention of second edition of The Mullumbimby Kid (with cover illustration).
2012, Mullumbimby High School Ex-students Association, mention of second edition of The Mullumbimby Kid in their e-newsletter, with cover photo, May.
2012, The Byron Shire Echo, 3 April 2012, mention of electronic second edition of The Mullumbimby Kid on Backlash (their back page).
2012, second edition of The Mullumbimby Kid (Woodbine Press)published in 2012.
2011, featured as a ‘Writer for 2011′ at the Byron Bay Writers’ Festival, 5 -7 August.
2011, Jenny Dell, re Byron Bay Writers Festival, The Northern Star, 23 August.
2011 , the unveiling of renovated Charles Dickens ‘ Statue on his birthday (7 February 2011) in Centennial Park Sydney, was related to my book, The Wishing Tree. Gaenor Vallack, a volunteer at the NSW Library (and Member of The Dickens Society) was leafing through The Wishing Tree and came across a photograph of the Dickens Statue, removed in 1972 because of decapitation, which started a chain of events that resulted in the old statue (with a new head) being returned to Centennial Park.
2011, Martin Stevenson, review of New Selected Poems, The Examiner (Launceston) 15 January 2011, p. 37.
2010, joint Painting Exhibition (with Bruce Herps) at Artarmon Galleries, 22 July to 10 August.
2010, Caroline Glen, electronic review of New Selected Poems, Gold Coast Writers Association (2010).
2010, New Selected Poems (Woodbine Press), dedicated ‘to Cheryl Lillian, sheet anchor, goad and ballast’, was published in October 2010. It was turned into an electronic format (and posted for free download as PDF on this Website) in early 2011.
2010, won the ‘Medal of Distinction’ (first prize for my painting ‘Church at Berrima’) at the Royal Art Society of New South Wales Spring (Painting) Exhibition, September.
2009, Guest Reader at Pottsville Writers Group, 21 November.
2009, met with Mullumbimby Writers Group, 15 June.
2009, readings at Mullumbimby High School (organized by Librarian Janice Edwards), 16 June.
2009, Daan Spijer, review of Banyan, The Botanic Verses, and My Brother Jim in The Australian Writer (Newsletter of FAW Victoria), March-May.
2009, Fay Knight, ‘Star story led to a brother’ (relating to My Brother Jim), The Northern Star, ‘Weekender’, 28 February.
2009, My Brother Jim, February 2009, was (also) dedicated ‘to Edwin James (Jim) Onslow/Wilson, 1939 – 2008’.
2008, Jim died (of prostate cancer), 12 September.
2008, Peter Bernhardt, in his book Gods and Goddesses in the Garden, Rutgers University Press, 2008, introduced his Chapter Seven with the first six lines of my poem ‘Nepenthes’ (putting me in such good company as Ovid (Chapter 1),Oscar Wilde (Chapter 2), Hesiod (Chapters 3 and 4), Andrew Marvell (Chapter 5 and Epilogue),and William Shakespeare (Chapter 6).
2008, John Ryan, ‘Poems, Plants and Post-modern Australian Men and Women: or ‘The Boy form the Bush’ in Sydney Town’ (relating to The Melancholy Dane), Australian Folklore No. 23, 2008, pp. 59 – 70.
2007, Peter Pierce, Non-Fiction review of The Melancholy Dane (as part of a large batch of books), Westerly, Vol. 52, November.
2006, Guest Reader (with Geoff Page and Iggy McGovern (Irish poet)) at the 35th Montsalvat Poetry Festival, 10 December.
2006, The Melancholy Dane, September 2006, was dedicated ‘to my brother Jim’.
2006, Nikki Barrowclough, ‘Edwin Wilson & ‘Jim’ Onslow’, interview for the ‘Two of Us’ with reference to The Mullumbimby Kid, ‘Good Weekend’, Sydney Morning Herald, 26 August.
2006, my mother died, 18 May, at Mullumbimby.
2006, Christine McNeill, ‘Edwin returns to his Garden of Eden’, on talk to the Bryon District Orchid Society (having been a child member in the 1950s), with reference to The Mullumbimby Kid, Byron Shire News, 13 March.
2006, spoke to Byron and District Orchid Society on the Latouria breeding project with Phil Spence (having been a child member of this society in the 1950s), 13 March.
2006, posed for Jenni Mitchell for a portrait (as part of her ‘Poets of Australia’ series) at Eltham, Victoria, 2/3 March.
2005, Guest Reader at ‘Dangerously Poetic’ (Bangalow), 12 March.
2005, Guest Reader at Canberra (organized by Geoff Page), 2 March.
2005, ‘The prickly problems growing in our parks’, article derived from the Poetry of Place, Sydney Morning Herald, 26 February.
2004, Poetry of Place, launched Maiden Theatre (RBG) by Hon. Bob Debus, Minister for Environment and Attorney General, 14 October. This book was (also) dedicated to Kathleen Wall, 1915 – 2003′
2004, John Millett, review of Collected Poems, Five Bells, Vol. 11, No. 4, Spring.
2004, New York based Sharon Olinka, very positive review of Collected Poems, as published (electronically) in Australian Poetry Book Reviews, March.
2004, Guest Reader (with Norma Balzer, and my brother Jim came along for the experience), ‘Lismore Live Poets’, Rous Hotel, 18 February.
2003 , discovered by my half brother, Edwin James (‘Jim’) Wilson/McGuire/Onslow (Jim Onslow), my brother Jim, following the publication of my piece (in The Northern Star, 1 November 2003) on the centenary of our father’s birth, 1 November.
2003, read at ‘Writers at the Rail’ (Byron Bay), 2 November.
2003, Guest Reader at ‘Molly Blooms’ (Victorian FAW, Melbourne), 29 September.
2003, Steve Evans, sniffy review of Collected Poems for Online Network Review of Books, Perth, Australian Public Intellectual Network, August/September 2003, in which he failed to grasp the subtle message of my ‘Binary Poem’. For once in my life I had a chance to respond to criticism, and posted a reply while my blood was still hot.
2003, Guest Reader at ‘Live Poets’ (North Sydney), 27 August.
2003, listed as ‘Senior Poet’ in ‘Silver’/Winter edition of Five Bells, Vol. 10 No. 3, 2003.
2003, read at ‘Closet Poets’ (Canberra), 10 May.
2003, Guest Reader at ‘Friendly Street Poets’ (Adelaide), 6 May. Kathleen Wall died at the precise time I was having lunch at the National Library of Australia, Canberra, on my way back from Adelaide.
2003, Guest Reader at ‘Poetry at the Pub’ (Newcastle), 21 April.
2003, Guest Reader at ‘Poets at the Parakeet’ (Katoomba, organized by Denis Kevans), 10 March.
2003, Joe Weston, ‘Wide ranging poetry collection’, review of Collected Poems in Education, 17 February.
2003, Peter Bernhardt, article on my ‘botanic poetry’ in ‘The Last Word’, in London-based Plant Talk 31 January.
2003, ‘Gardens’ historian, poet &storyteller retires’, with mention to recent books, RBG News, 30 January.
2002, ‘The Botanic Verses on sale now’, relating to Collected Poems, RBG News, 25 November.
2002, ‘Déjeuner sur L’Herbe’ (or ‘Lunch on the Grass’), advertised luncheon and readings from Collected Poems, 16 November.
2002, ‘Wilson collects his poems’, reference to John Ryan’s Lismore launch (at Southern Cross Co-op bookshop) of Collected Poems, Byron Shire Echo, 5 November.
2002, ‘A poet’s plant paradise’, article on retirement and reference to proposed ‘Déjeuner sur L’Herbe’ (Lunch on the Grass), a luncheon and reading from Collected Poems at Lion Gate Lodge (on 16 November), North Shore Times, 1 November 2002. Other references to luncheon and reading appeared in The Gardens (Friends of the Gardens), p. 6, Spring 2002, and What’s on in the Gardens Spring 2002, the Daily Telegraph, ‘Homes’, 9 November 2002, p. 4, and Domain 3 ‘Events’, Sydney Morning Herald, 14 November.
2002, Collected Poems, launched Moore Room (RBG) by Anne Deverson (on my 60th birthday), 27 October 2002. This book was dedicated ‘to Gwen Kelly, colleague and friend who assisted me at a critical stage in my pathway towards verse’.
2002, John Ryan, Introduction to Collected Poems (used in reduced format in New Selected Poems).
2002, Joe Weston, ‘Poetic prose sparkles in this yarn’, review of Cedar House in Education, 2 September 2002, p. 24.
2002, Asteroid Belt, June 2002, was dedicated ‘to Elizabeth McAlpine, who graced my early books of verse with her delicate pencil drawings’.
2002, Edwin Wilson, ‘Mullum Dreaming: Life of a Young Poet’, as posted electronically on Thylazine: Australian Arts and Literature on Landscape and Animals.
2002, Susan Mason and John Ryan, very positive review of Cedar House – ‘If You Were a Carpenter and I Were a Lady’, Australian Folklore (University of New England), No 17.
2002, an Australian Wuthering Heights? – review of Cedar House in RBG News, 14 February.
2002, ‘Shades of Bronte on the north coast’, and article on Cedar House, Byron Shire Echo, 8 January.
2001, Cedar House, came off the presses November 2001. This book was dedicated ‘to Kathleen Wall OAM, renaissance lady, mentor, critic, feminist and friend, who assisted with the re-education of the not-so-young-Edwin, and made me far less of a chauvinist’.
2001, review of The Mullumbimby Kid, Richmond River Historical Society Bulletin, Vol 12, No. 178, September 2001.
2001, mention of The Mullumbimby Kid, in Book Reviews, Outback Magazine, Issue 17, June/July 2001.
2001, ‘Poet’s pilgrimage to old stamping ground’, story about the Armidale connection with my books, on the occasion of my launch of Lionel Gilbert’s biography of J.H. Maiden, The Little Giant, Armidale Express, 26 April.
2001, read thematically appropriate ‘Phaius Orchid’ at my Armidale launch of Lionel Gilbert’s biography of J.H. Maiden, The Little Giant, 12 April.
2001, Mark O’Connor, ‘This portrait of ‘poet as a child’ almost as grim as Les Murray’s’, review of The Mullumbimby Kid and Cosmos Seven, The Canberra Times, 17 February.
2000, Joe Weston, ‘Memories of Armidale last centruy’, review of The Mullumbimby Kid, Education, 11 December.
2000, James Cockington, ‘Tall Stories’ (stories of important Sydney trees), reference to the Coolibah Tree, royal Botanic Gardens (from The Wishing Tree), Weekend 6, Metropolitan, Sydney Morning Herald, 18 November.
2000, ‘Child poet’, review/article on The Mullumbimby Kid, The Daily Examiner (Grafton), 13 November.
2000, Michael McDonald, ‘Memoirs of a Mullum kid’, review of The Mullumbimby Kid, Byron Shire Echo, 24 October.
2000, Elvira Sprogis, mention of The Mullumbimby Kid, Books, The Newcastle Herald, 21 October.
2000, ‘The Mullumbimby Kid’, review of The Mullumbimby Kid, RBG News, 27 September.
2000, Jennifer Somerville, ‘Edwin’s poetic journey’, feature review of The Mullumbimby Kid (with photograph and insert) in Saturday Review, The Northern Star (Lismore), 23 September.
2000, The Mullumbimby Kid, whose working title had been ‘The Orchid Boy’, was launched in the Education Classroom (RBG) by Kathleen Wall, 18 August. This book was dedicated ‘to ‘Tidge’, Edwin James (‘Tidge’) Wilson, 1903 – 1942′.
1999, Bettina Cummins, review of Cosmos Seven, Writers Voice, No. 164, June – July 1999, p. 17.
1999, Wendy Wilkins, review of Cosmos Seven, this Month in Books, Muse (The Australian Museum Society) April – May 1999.
1999, ‘Poet latest addition to school’s wall of fame’ (with photo of Wal Wardman, old English teacher), on being inducted into Mullumbimby High School’s Hall of Fame, Saturday Star (Lismore), 29 February.
1999, induction as fifth member into the Mullumbimby High School ‘Hall of Fame’, where I gave a talk on Chincogan, ‘Muse and Mountain of a Mullumbimby childhood’, 22 February.
1999, Bruce Copping, ‘Illuminations of ourselves’, review of Cosmos Seven, The Newcastle Herald, 30 January.
1998, Wayne Crawford, ‘Ideal chance to feast on quality poetry’, review of Cosmos Seven (and some other books), Sunday Mercury (Tasmania), 6 December.
1998, Hamesh Wyatt, ‘Wry, haunting, amusing poems with plenty of grit’, review of Cosmos Seven (and three other books), Otago Daily Times (New Zealand), 4 November.
1998, lecture and readings at National Women’s Register Group, Maiden Theatre, Royal Botanic Gardens, 24 October.
1998, Jennifer Somerville, ‘Homecoming for poet’, on the publication of Cosmos Seven (with photograph) and a projected reading at Mullumbimby High School (1 September 1998), The Northern Star (Lismore), 1 September.
1998, reading at Mullumbimby High School, 1 September.
1998, Joe Weston, ‘Radiant Harmonic Verse’, review of Cosmos Seven in Education (Journal of the New South Wales Teachers’ Federation), 31 August.
1998, Hetty Cislowski, ‘Well Read’, review of Cosmos Seven, Inform (New South Wales Department of Education), 26 August, p. 19.
1998, Ben Smailes, ‘The perfect read for a rainy day’, review of Cosmos Seven, The Daily Examiner (Grafton), 14 August.
1998, Sue Hicks, ‘Getting in touch with the nature of things – cultivating a WAR of words’, review of Cosmos Seven (with photograph and insert), ‘in Style’, Mosman Daily, 13 August.
1998, endorsement of Cosmos Seven, RBG News, 10 August.
1998, Guest Reader at ‘Live Poets’ for the launch of Cosmos Seven, at Don Bank by Shirley Colless, Deputy Lord Mayor North Sydney, 24 June 1998. This book was (also) dedicated to Dick Edwards, pig-farmer, philosopher, printer, publisher, poet, mentor, friend, and silent partner Woodbine Press before the electronic age’.
1997, Linda Conn, ‘A Mature Reflection’, review of Chaos Theory, Biblionews (University of Sydney), December, pp. 168-9.
1997, Poetry Walks (for Botanic Verses) in the Gardens, 28 October.
1997, Bettina Cummins, review of Chaos Theory, Free Xpres Sion, October, p. 18.
1997, David Kelly, mention of Chaos Theory with ‘illustration’ of ‘No-Yes Crystallography’ poem, The Book Page, Five Bells (Poets Union), July, p.12.
1997, ‘Chaos, compost, creativity, and the craft of verse’, talk to Friends of the Gardens, 15 July.
1997, Joe Weston, ‘Poetry in motion’, review of Chaos Theory, Education, 21 April.
1997, ‘The botanic nurses’, talk to the Colonial Science Club, 14 April.
1997, Cathy Bajelis, ‘A theory crops up with words’, review of Chaos Theory (with photograph), North Shore Times, 11 April.
1997, Chaos Theory, dedicated ‘to my reader’ (in the form of a poem), came off the presses in April.
1996, posed for a portrait by Judy Cassab (in Danish flag T-shirt, a detail of which was used for the cover of The Melancholy Dane).
1995, Meg Stewart, ‘Where magic is carved in stone’, article about creativity in the Gardens with reference to my poetry and The Wishing Tree, Sydney Morning Herald, 29 December.
1995, taped first batch of readings of poems to be used on ‘The Science Show’, Radio National, 12 May.
1994, Graham Croker, ‘No curses on botanic verses poems’, review of The Botanic Verses, UNIKEN (University of NSW), 4 November.
1994, taped interview and reading with Sophia Hendel, (Paddington) community Access Radio (projected to go to air in early February), 21 January.
1994, John Ryan, review of The Botanic Verses, New England Review, No. 2 1993/4.
1994, Phil Brown, ‘Not Enraging, Stirring’, review of The Botanic Verses and one other book, Australian Book Review, No. 157, December/January 1993/4.
1993, Guest Reader (with David Malouf and Rhyll McMaster), ‘Writers in the Park” (Harold Park Hotel), 5 October.
1993, Guest Reader (with Mark O’Connor), ‘Environmental Poets in the Park’, Gardens Restaurant, 26 September.
1993, The Botanic Verses, dedicated ‘for the Banyan Trees at East Wardell’, was launched in Maiden Theatre (RBG) by Professor Carrick Chambers, with advertised Rainforest (Poetry) Walks in the Gardens, 20 August.
1993, ‘botanic verses’, reference to poetry walks in the Gardens in association with the launch of The Botanic Verses, Arts Section, Sydney Morning Herald, 26 July.
1993, Evan Jones, review of The Wishing Tree, The Australian Garden Journal, August/September.
1993, Chris Betteridge, review of The Wishing Tree, Australian Garden History Journal, Vol 5, No. 1, July/August.
1993, ‘Gardens’ forgotten statues find a place to rest in pieces’, feature article (with photographs) on statues in the Gardens (from The Wishing Tree), Sydney Morning Herald, 5 March.
1992, John Ryan, review of The Rose Garden, New England Review.
1992, Kathleen Wall, review of The Rose Garden, The Australian Garden Journal, December.
1992, Robert Boden, ‘ACT’s botanic links with Sydney’, expansive review of The Wishing Tree (with photograph), The Canberra Times, 30 December.
1992, Susan Parsons, ‘An old wishing tree remembered’, mention of The Wishing Tree, The Canberra Times, 13 December.
1992, Pamela Jane, ‘books to suit the festive season’, mention of The Wishing Tree, Home, Sun Herald, 6 December.
1992, Leo Schofield, review of The Wishing Tree in ‘Leo at Large’, Sydney Morning Herald, 5 December.
1992, ‘Wishing Tree Walks’ in the Gardens, Events, Telegraph Mirror, 4 December, the launch of The Wishing Tree the day before featured in the Sydney Morning Herald, 1 December.
1992, The Wishing Tree launched in Maiden Theatre (RBG) by Frank Sator, Lord Mayor of Sydney, 30 November. This book was dedicated ‘to Tony (Antoinette) Jeans, for many hours spent following up leads and footnotes, and for her continuity is a sea of interruptions’.
1992, advertisement for ‘Wishing Tree Walks’ in the Gardens, Sydney Morning Herald, 28 November.
1992, Pamela Polglase, ‘Wishing Tree Walks’ in the Gardens (in association with the launch of The Wishing Tree), Garden Style, Manly Daily, 26 November.
1992, Valerie Swane, mention of ‘Wishing Tree Walks’, Sunday Telegraph, 22 November.
1992, ‘Spring fever hits Sydney’, photo of Botanic Gardens ‘worker’ Ed Wilson under peach tree in blossom, Sydney Morning Herald, 17 August.
1992, readings at Nutcote, 17 January 1992 (on occasion of May Gibbs’ birthday).
1991, Tony Scanlon, review of Songs of the Forest, Northern Perspective (Northern Territory), Vol. 14, No. 1.
1991, read-in for ‘Nutcote’, Maiden Pavilion, Royal Botanic Gardens, 1 November.
1991, David Kelly, review of The Rose Garden and Falling Up IntoVerse, OZMuze, Vol. 1, No. 13, October.
1991, Martin Langford, review of The Rose Garden, Muse News (Newsletter of the Poets Union of NSW, University of Sydney), 4 October.
1991, The Rose Garden launched at Country Kitchen, Mullumbimby, with Byron Poets, 2 July. This book was dedicated ‘to my critics’ (in the form of a poem).
1991, Jennifer Somerville, ‘Poetry comes to life’, an article relating to the Mullumbimby launch of The Rose Garden (2 July 1991), The Northern Star, 29 June.
1991, review of Songs of the Forest, Adelaide Botanic Gardens Friends Newsletter, Vol. 14, No. 2, April – May.
1991, readings from Songs of the Forest to Friends of the Gardens, Maiden Theatre, 21 February.
1991, Guest Reader at L’Orangerie (precursor of Live Poets) after the publication of Songs of the Forest.
1991, readings (of ‘Rainforest’ and ‘Thunalgunaldin’) on live radio in Gardens Restaurant with Sirocco, ABC –FM, Songs and Stories of Australia, 17 January.
1990, Shirley Stackhouse, ‘Reading to the rescue’, to help save May Gibbs’ home, ‘Nutcote’, with reference to Songs of the Forest, Gardening, Sydney Morning Herald, 30 October.
1990, ‘Reading for Nutcote’ (to help save the gumnut home), reading in Gardens with Alex Buzo, Robin Williams, Shirley Stackhouse, Marion and Neil Shand, Short Black, Sydney Morning Herald, 23 October.
1990, Dan Byrnes, review of Songs of the Forest, Education, 24 October.
1990, readings at Quorrobolong, met Pytor Patrushur and gave Peter Minter a lift home, 23 August.
1990, Tim North, mention of Songs of the Forest, ‘Reviews in Brief’, Garden Journal, June/July.
1990, Wal Upton, review of Songs of the Forest, Book Review, Australian Orchid Review, June.
1990, Susan Parsons, ‘Of loomed blooms, Tut’s tomb’, mention of Songs of the Forest (‘Tut’s tomb’) and ‘flowers of the Loom’ walks in the Gardens, The Canberra Times, 11 May.
1990, Roland Robinson, positive review of Songs of the Forest (not long before he died), The Newcastle Herald, 21 April.
1990, Peter Pierce, ‘Wide-ranging themes in our recent poetry’, review of Songs of the Forest (along with five other publications). Pierce did not like my ‘Kangaroo’ poem (when the poets Roland Robinson and Mark O’Connor – in a typed 1983 review for radio – had seen its merit), The Canberra Times, 30 June.
1990, Pamela Jane, ‘Averse to rape of the forest’, review of Songs of the Forest, Sun Herald 18 March.
1990, Michael McDonald, review of Songs of the Forest, Byron Shire Echo, March.
1990, Songs of the Forest launched in the Gardens with advertised Rainforest (Poetry) Walks (plus inspection of the new glasshouse being built), 3 and 4 March. This book was dedicated ‘to ‘Mac’, Miss K.M. McIllrath, Banora Point’ (orchid grower and mentor).
1990, Bettina Cummins, review of Falling Up Into Verse, Writers Voice (FAW NSW Bulletin 109), February/March.
1990, Pamela Polglase, ‘A walk in the rainforest’, mention of rainforest walks and poetry readings and inspection of new Arc Glasshouse (under construction) in association with the launch of Songs of the Forest, The Manly Daily, 1 March.
1990, ‘Love affair with things botanical’, article about Songs of the Forest (with photograph of Kathleen McIllrath, to whom the book was dedicated), Tweed Gold Coast Daily (Murwillumbah), 21 February.
1990, John Ryan, ‘The Survival of a Poet from Down Under’, review of Falling Up Into Verse, Education, 12 February.
1989, Bev Roberts, review of Falling Up Into Verse, Australian Book Review, No. 113, August.
1989, Falling Up Into Verse launched with featured reading at the Poets Union, 19 May. This book was dedicated ‘to Dick Edwards, pig-farmer, philosopher, printer, publisher and poet’.
1989, Yasuko Claremont, article on Australian poets published in Japanese source in Japanese (received 28 April 1989), with photos of Henry Lawson, Les Murray, and myself under the banyan tree at the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney (with reference to a Sydney poet).
1997, Letter to Editor re Statues of Seasons in the Royal Botanic Gardens, with reference to The Wishing Tree, Sydney Morning Herald, 19 November.
1987, Denis Kevans, review of Wild Tamarind, Education, 26 October.
1987, ‘The Story of the Domain’, reference to Discovering the Domain, Manly Daily 16 October.
1987, Dan Byrnes, review of Wild Tamarind, Education, 14 September.
1987, mention of Wild Tamarind, Australian Book Review, No. 94, September.
1987, John Ryan, review of Wild Tamarind, UNE Convocation Bulletin and Alumni News, August.
1987, Featured Reader at Poets Union, Neighborhood Centre, Newtown (with Pam Brown and Thomas Shapcott), 7 August.
1987, review of Wild Tamarind, Byron Shire Echo, April.
1987, mention of The Dragon Tree, Australian Book Review, February/March.
1987, Judith White, ‘Pat and the Wild Tamarind’, mention and endorsement of Wild Tamarind, and reference to its launch by Pat O’Shane in the Gardens Restaurant, Sun Herald, 22 March.
1987, spoke to Phillip Adams about Wild Tamarind, Radio 2UE, on morning of its launch, 18 March.
1987, Wild Tamarind (no dedication) was launched by Pat O’Shane in the Gardens Restaurant, 18 March.
1987, taped reading of ‘The Garden’ (Poem), for Steve Rapley, Radio National, early January.
1986, letter to Editor about extending the Harbour Tunnel, with reference to Discovering the Domain, Sydney Morning Herald, 12 December.
1986, Tim North, review of Discovering the Domain, Garden Journal, December.
1986, Jane Burgess, review of Discovering the Domain, Heritage Conservation News, Vol. 4. No. 1.
1986, John Ryan, reference to Banyan, The Dragon Tree, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, and Liberty, Egality, Fraternity, UNE Convocation Bulletin and Alumni News, October, pp. 35 – 38.
1986, ‘Read, walk and discover the Domain’, reference to free guided ‘Domain’ walks to be offered in the week after the launch of Discovering the Domain by Lady Rowland, wife of the Governor of NSW (25 August), North Shore Times, 27 August.
1986, additional mentions of ‘Domain’ walks (to be offered after the launch of Discovering the Domain), Sun Herald ‘Dates to Remember’, 24 August, and Daily Telegraph, 24 August.
1986, Bettina Cummins, review of The Dragon Tree, FAW Bulletin, No. 88, August.
1986, Discovering the Domain (no dedication) was launched by Lady Roland (wife of the Governor of NSW) in a marquee at Fleet Steps, Mrs Macquaries Point, 25 August.
1986, reader at Voice Prints, Performance Space at 199 Cleveland Road Redfern, 13 July.
1986, read in Open Section at ‘Writers in the Park’ at Glebe, 6 May.
1986, conducted workshop and readings, ‘Poetry in the Bush’, Quorrobolong, April.
1986, John Ryan, ‘A Modern James Joyce or Henry Lawson for NE’, feature review of Liberty, Egality, Fraternity! in The Armidale Express, 18 April, p 2.
1986, Keith Russell, ‘More than a cultural afterflow’ (some Recent Australian Poetry), review of The Dragon Tree (and other books), Quadrant, January/February.
1985, Barbara Aylott, ‘Champagne Breakfast with a Dragon’, on the launch of The Dragon Tree, FAW Newsletter by Bettina Cummins, December.
1985, ‘Special tree for a grave’, review of The Dragon Tree, The Northern Star, 7 December.
1985, Denis Kevans, review of The Dragon Tree, Education, 2 December, p. 22.
1985, ‘Mountain’ artist illustrates book of verse’, Wentworth Falls Feature, about illustrations by Elizabeth McAlpine in Banyan (with an illustration from the book), photocopy sent to me by Elizabeth McAlpine (Wentworth Falls), (sometime in 1985 of unknown source).
1985, Pamela Jane, review of The Dragon Tree (with art work of cover), Sun Herald, 3 November.
1985, The Dragon Tree launched with a champagne breakfast under the Dragon’s Blood Tree, Lower Garden, followed by a ‘real’ launch in the reconstituted ‘Liberty’ boat at Mrs Macquaries Point, 28 September 1985. This book was dedicated ‘for the Dragon Tree, Lower Garden, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney’.
1985, John Broomhall, review of Liberty, Egality, Fraternity, Education, 9 July.
1985, Jennifer Somerville, ‘Geography puzzle in first novel’, review of Liberty, Egality, Fraternity, Northern Star, 6 July.
1985, Frances McInherny, ‘Hypocrisy in Australia’, review of Liberty, Egality, Fraternity, Australian Book Review, June.
1985, Andrew Bray, ‘Model Yachts from Foam’, an article on construction of the self-steering sailing ship used to launch Liberty, Egality, Fraternity from a hired ferry at Sydney Heads (Brian Mundy had retrieved the boat near the edge of the continental shelf and returned it to be ‘recycled’ for the launch of The Dragon Tree from Mrs Macquaries Point), The Cruising Skipper, No. 12, p. 94.
1985, Dan Byrnes, review of The Dragon Tree, Northern Magazine (Tamworth), week commencing 18 May.
1985, ‘Unknown puts down his pen for the road’, review of Liberty, Egality, Fraternity, The Macleay Argus (Kempsey), 23 March.
1985, Bettina Cummins, review of Liberty, Egality, Fraternity, and Barbara Aylott, ‘A Genuine book Launch’ (on the ‘real’ launch of Liberty, Egality, Fraternity in a self-steering model sailing boat at Sydney Heads), FAW Newsletter.
1984, publication of ‘First Contact’, the Bulletin, 25 December.
1984?, M.A. Smith, LinQ, vol.14, No. 2, review of Liberty, Egality, Fraternity.
1984, ‘…ten about the Bush’, review of Liberty, Egality, Fraternity, Adelaide Advertiser, 17 November.
1984, Dan Byrnes, Showcase ‘It just had to be written’, review of Liberty, Egality, Fraternity, The Northern Daily Leader, 6 November.
1984, David Myers, ‘Warning: keep an eye on the blood pressure’, a real put-down review of Liberty, Egality, Fraternity in The Age, (?) November.
1984, a ‘real’ launch of Liberty, Egality, Fraternity in a painted self-steering model sailing boat from a hired ferry at Sydney Heads, 15 September 1984, featured on Channel Ten evening news, 15 Setpember. This book was dedicated to James Joseph Wilson (my grandfather) and James Richmond Wilson (my first child).
1984, Gwen King, ‘Visit to North Shore by Poet, Edwin Wilson’, FAW Newsletter.
1984, reading of ‘Man on the Ten Dollar Note’ at Henry Lawson’s statue in the Domain, as part of a reading of Lawson’s poems on the occasion of his birthday, with John Derum and Chrissie Shaw, April.
c 1984, read all the poems from Banyan (in two sessions) for Ryde (Community) Radio, 2RRR.
1984, Andrew Bray, ‘Lost In (Sydney) Harbour with all Stanzas’, about the launch of Banyan in a small boat from Mrs Macquaries Point, Shorelines, Australian Boating, February.
1984, Ban Byrnes, ‘Author knows poetry has no gender’, review of Banyan, Northern Daily Leader, 22 January.
1984, Dan Byrnes, feature on Banyan, ‘Wilson Takes a Journey Through Time’, with reference to the publication of ‘The Cherry Tree’, Northern Daily Leader, November 1970, Northern Daily Leader, 21 January.
1983, reading at the wake for Edwards & Shaw (read ‘Education Officer’s Lament’ and ‘Thunalgunaldin’) and Rod Shaw taped the proceedings, 2 December.
1983, edited Drawn from Life, an exhibition catalogue of an exhibition of Australian floral art of the same name.
1983 , Mark O’Connor, typed review of Banyan (projected for radio?) received 1983 (outcome unknown).
1983, John Baxter, ‘New Garden Books’, review of Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, Your Garden, November.
1983, Guy Weller, Bookbox, very good review of Banyan by Betty Cummins, Artlook, September.
1983, Jennifer Maiden, very positive one-sentence review of Banyan, Sydney Morning Herald, 13 August.
1983, Edwin Wilson Profile, Australian Horticulture, June.
1983, Michael Kindler, sniffy ‘political’ review of Banyan, Education 27 June.Followed u with him years later with New Collected Poems.
1983, ‘Australia’s Flag’, letter in the Bulletin (15 March), reflecting on the new Canadian flag.
1983, review of Banyan, This Australia (Melbourne), Autumn.
1983, Barbara Giles (a Mother I’m Rooted poet) , nasty dismissive review of Banyan, Booknotes, Australian Book Review, No. 50, May.
1983, Kerrie Kerans, ‘Mountain was gateway to world of poetry’, feature about Banyan, North Shore Times, 16 February.
1983, Tim North, review of Banyan, Garden Cuttings, Vol. 2, No. 4, January.
1983, mention of Banyan in Ecologist’s Diary, 1983 (photocopy, details unknown).
1982, mention of Banyan, FAW Bulletin, December 1982/ another review by Bettina Cummins received (FAW North Shore Regional).
1982, Maurice Kelly, ‘Local interest in poem book’, review of Banyan, Armidale Express, 24 December.
1982, Pamela Pollglase, ‘Just the presents for keen gardeners’, mention of Banyan, Manly Daily, 9 December.
1982, Mark Gallagher, Book Reviews, ‘botanical imagery in love of nature’, review of Banyan, The Northern Star, 14 November.
1982, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney (‘Blue Book’ or Guide to the Gardens), received 15 October.
1982, function for launch of Banyan in the Gardens Restaurant, followed by ‘real’ launch at Mrs Macquaries Point, 15 October. this book was dedicated ‘for Chinny’ (Chincogan, guardian mountain of a Mullumbimby childhood), unaware that Henry Kendall had dedicated his third and final book of poems was dedicated to a mountain too.
1982, Garden Cuttings (Tim and Keva North), Vol 1 No 8, May, article on the Sydney Gardens entitled , ‘A Walk through Paradise’.
1981, construction and launch of papyrus boat, Ra III, into Sydney Harbour (at Mrs Macquaries Point) as the launch of a campaign to construct more display glasshouses at the Sydney Gardens, proceeded by a dance at the site of the Pyramid Glasshouse by students of Summer Hill OC School, and the procession through the gardens to transport a model of the Sun God Ra to the boat, prior to the launch (11 April) that received saturation coverage on evening TV news.
1980, ‘New era starts for the Botanic Gardens’, interview with Director Lawrie Johnson, with mention of the appointment of a new officer, Edwin Wilson, whose job ‘is to organize programs, tours, displays and exhibitions, and … redeveloping the gardens along more thematic lines’.
1975, photo of ‘Mr and Mrs Wilson’ at the Dinosaur Ball, Australian Museum, in the Social Pages, Sun Herald, 7 December.
1975, James Richmond Wilson, aged four years and two months, accidentally hit and killed by a motor car at Redland Bay, Queensland, 20 January. Threw myself into my writing and my work to help ease the pain. Oversaw construction of the ‘Stegomobile’ (cut out hanging model of a Stegasourus) at the Australian Museum, at the start of the Dinosaurathon, the selling of ‘shares’ in dinosaurs to purchase replica dinosaurs from America, featured (as a photograph) in The Australian Encyclopaedia, The Grollier Society of Australia, Fourth Edition, 1983, construction started 6 May 1975. The Dinosaur Appeal attracted considerable publicity, including a mention in Education and The Financial Review, and I spoke on the Super Flying Fun Show (TV), and sang our ‘Dinosaur Song’ (with others) on ABC radio.
1975, Ian Moffitt, Perspective, ‘Verse reversal’, an outing of my literary hoax, on ‘Eileen’ Wilson having been published in Mother I’m Rooted, the Australian, 20 March.
1975, ‘Boy killed’, less than one column inch reference to the accidental death of James Wilson, Redland Bay, on 20 January, Queensland, Brisbane Courier Mail, 22 January 1975, resulting in my throwing myself into the manuscript of Liberty, Egality, Fraternity!.
1970, read ‘Homage to a Mountain’ at Tony Bennett’s ‘Poetry Club’ when lecturing at Armidale Teachers’ College (c. 1970). Tony later published my Anthology and New Collected Poems through his Kardoorair Press (2002 and 2012).
1968, planted two Lord Howe Island banyan trees at East Wardell, between the northern tip of Cabbage Tree Island and Meaney’s Lane, between the river and the road. The northern-most tree (‘Ed’s tree’, with a brass plaque several metres up its trunk) was planted opposite the fibro cottage where I spent my first five years (where the original pioneer homestead had been built). The southern tree was christened ‘Jim’s tree’ in 2004 (on our trip up north).
1967, part of an Art Exhibition Goldstein Hall, when at Phillip Baxter College, University of New South Wales (sold three paintings, ‘In Search of Truth’ (to Joe Cassidy, Philip Baxter College), ‘Convent Garden’ (to someone in Psychology department, UNSW) and The Flower that Has Bloomed Forever Dies (to Professor George, Physics Department UNSW, purchased back, and later destroyed)).